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2008, Vol. 3 No. 2, Article 30

 

Cutaneous Papilomatosis in a Horse - A case report

 Khurshid A. Shah

 


Department of Animal Husbandry, Kashmir, J&K, India

 

Author Tel.: +91-9419058692;
e-mail address: khurshid@kashvet.org

 


ABSTRACT

Papilomatosis was recorded in a young horse of about two years of age. Local and oral administration of hameopathic drug "thuja" cured the disease completely .

KEY WORDS

Papilomatosis, horse, thuja.

INTRODUCTION

In equines cutaneous papilomatosis is caused by a host specific papova virus and is encountered only on lower face, affecting the muzzle, nose or the lips. Cutaneous papilomatosis cases usually recover spontaneously within one to two months. However, in some cases papilomas may persist longer due to immuno deficency of the animal and cause problems to the affected animal during ingestion of food, also the traumatised papilomas may serve as a substrate for bacterial infections (Blood et al. 2002). Surgical intervention may sometimes aggravate the condition, resulting in increased size of residual warts and prolonged course of the disease.
The present communication elucidates the possibility of curing persisting cutaneous papilomatosis in a horse with a homeopathic drug, thuja.

CASE HISTORY

A young horse about two years of age was presented for treatment at veterinary center Shalteng,  Srinagar. The animal had previously developed rough elevations on lower face which had now turned into small, multiple, sessile, rough grey outgrowths varying 5-8mm in diameter The lesions had been persisting for last 1 year and resembled with that of cutaneos paplomatosis as described by Blood et al. (2002).

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The affected part was cleaned with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and about 1ml of thuja-Q was injected locally around the papilomas using a tuberculin syringe (Elig Jones, 1991).The treatment was repeated at weekly intervals for four weeks. In addition, thuja-200X, 10 drops in 100ml of lukewarm water, was also administered orally twice a day for four weeks.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The outgrowths started subsiding within two weeks and a complete recovery was observed after two months of treatment. Thuja has been reported to be very effective in treatment of papilomas and nodular growths in Cattle (Rai et al, 1991), Dog (Varshney & Paliwal, 2000) and Poultry. Homeopathic drug thuja is extensively used in human medicine for warts and cauliferous outgrowths (Shah MA 2003), (Elig Jones, 1991). The drug needs to be tried at a large scale to develop a successful, safe and economical treatment of papilomatosis in domestic animals.

 

REFERENCES

  1. Blood DC, Radostits OM and Handerson JA. In: Veterinary Medicine (8th ed.) English language Book Society Bailliere Tindall 2002, p. 838-40

  2. Elig Jones.  In: Cancer, it`s causes, symptoms and treatment. B. Jain publishers (p) Ltd. Kishengunj Delhi. 1991, p. 221

  3. Rai RB, Saha P, Shrivastava N and Nagrajan V. Bovine Papilomatosis in Andaman and Nicobar. Indian Vet. Med. J. 1991, Vol.15, 971-72

  4. Shah MA. Cancer, we see hope. Homeo-Medical Times. 2003, Vol. 5-7

  5. Varshney JP and Paliwal OP. Squamous metaplasia in a dog. Blue Cross book. 2000, 15:39-40

 

 


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