2008, Vol. 3 No. 2, Article 30
Cutaneous Papilomatosis in a Horse - A case report
Khurshid A. Shah
Author Tel.: +91-9419058692;
Papilomatosis was recorded in a young horse of about two years of age. Local and oral administration of hameopathic drug "thuja" cured the disease completely .
Papilomatosis, horse, thuja.
In equines cutaneous papilomatosis is caused by a host specific papova virus and is encountered only on lower face, affecting
the muzzle, nose or the lips. Cutaneous papilomatosis cases usually recover spontaneously within one to two months.
However, in some cases papilomas may persist longer due to immuno deficency of the animal and cause problems to the affected animal during ingestion of food, also the traumatised papilomas may serve as a substrate for bacterial infections (Blood et al. 2002).
Surgical intervention may sometimes aggravate the condition, resulting in increased size of residual warts and prolonged course of
A young horse about two years of age was presented for treatment at veterinary center Shalteng, Srinagar. The animal had previously developed rough elevations on lower face which had now turned into small, multiple, sessile, rough grey outgrowths varying 5-8mm in diameter The lesions had been persisting for last 1 year and resembled with that of cutaneos paplomatosis as described by Blood et al. (2002).
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The affected part was cleaned with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and about 1ml of thuja-Q was injected locally around the papilomas using a tuberculin syringe (Elig Jones, 1991).The treatment was repeated at weekly intervals for four weeks. In addition, thuja-200X, 10 drops in 100ml of lukewarm water, was also administered orally twice a day for four weeks.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The outgrowths started subsiding within two weeks and a complete recovery was observed after two months of treatment. Thuja has been reported to be very effective in treatment of papilomas and nodular growths in Cattle (Rai et al, 1991), Dog (Varshney & Paliwal, 2000) and Poultry. Homeopathic drug thuja is extensively used in human medicine for warts and cauliferous outgrowths (Shah MA 2003), (Elig Jones, 1991). The drug needs to be tried at a large scale to develop a successful, safe and economical treatment of papilomatosis in domestic animals.
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