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2011, Vol. 6 No. 2, Article 97

 

Hydatid Cyst of Muscle in Goat - A Rare Site

Qazi Mudasir, K. A. Shah, Anjum Andrabi*, Qazi Nyrah1 and Muyeen A. Chesti

 

Central Veterinary Hospital (Srinagar)
Department of Animal Husbandry Kashmir

1Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology(K), Kashmir

 

*Corresponding Author; e-mail address: anjum@kashvet.org

 


ABSTRACT

Hydatid cyst in the muscles is very rare and requires a high index of suspicion for its clinical and radiological diagnosis. Present communication deals with a finding of hydatid cyst with unusual location in thigh muscles in a five year old goat. The location of the lesion and therapeutic approach are discussed

KEY WORDS

Hydatid Cyst, muscle, goat.

INTRODUCTION

Echinococcosis has been reported as one of the main health hazards all over the world. Apart from the economic damage to livestock industry it poses a serious zoonotic threat. The disease is caused by cystic larval stage of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Dog and fox are the usual hosts and serve as the main source of infection to herbivores and man as well. The infection may be contracted through ingestion/inhalation of eggs released from tapeworm segments passed in the feces by usual hosts (Aboudaya, 1985). The metacestode stage proliferates in the intermediate and aberrant hosts, predominantly in the liver by exogenous budding and by invading surrounding tissues comparable to a malignant tumour (Gottstein and Hemphill, 1997). The cyst is commonly found in liver, lungs, spleen and very rarely in muscles of intermediate host (Sangaram and Lalitha , 2009).
The present communication describes an unusual case of hydatid cyst found in a thigh muscle of goat. Though hydatid disease is endemic in India, we present this case due to the rarity of site.

CASE HISTORY AND CLINICAL SIGNS

A goat aged five years was presented at Central Veterinary Hospital, Srinagar with a history of swelling on thigh region of left leg. The swelling was not associated with symptoms like pain, dysphagia or pyrexia. The only symptom was a gradually enlarging mass on the lateral side of left thigh. There was no swelling in any other part of the body.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

On local examination there was a non-tender, cold and painless swelling extending above from the middle of the thigh. The swelling was smooth in surface and firm in consistency. Upper, lower medial and lateral edges were palpable. Skin overlying the swelling was free and it was not a pulsatile swelling. Ultrasonography of the affected part revealed presence of single cystic mass thick wavy in outline (Fig-1). After preparation of the site a blunt incision was given over the skin. The fascia and muscles were separated to reveal a round cystic structure lodged beneath. It was carefully separated from the surrounding areas and removed intact taking all precautions to avoid spillage of cystic contents. The cystic fluid was stained with Gentian violet. The surgical wound was closed in the routine manner and animal was administered antibiotics (Inj. Cefixime 500 mg twice daily) and analgesics (Inj Meloxicam 4 ml once daily) for next 3 days. The animal was also kept on Easy pet (Praziquintal + Pyrantal pamoate + Fenbendazole) three tablets once which was repeated after 7 days interval for 5 consecutive weeks to avoid recurrence of disease. Post-operative period was uneventful.

RESULTS

Incision of thigh muscle exposed a shinning white cyst wall with multiple projections at various sides (Fig-2). The inner surface of the cyst wall showed a folded appearance and displayed numerous white coloured granular structures. The proteinaceous cystic fluid revealed hydatid sand of Echinococcus granulosus on staining with Gentian violet.

DISCUSSION

Echinococcus granulosus is a cyclo-zoonotic parasite and could involve human being and domestic quadrupeds like cow, sheep, goat, water buffalo, camel, pig and horse as intermediate host (Soulsby, 1982). The infection of carnivores (with immature or mature intestinal stages of E. granulosus) does not cause morbidity, whereas the invasion of various organs (mainly liver and lungs) of intermediate or aberrant hosts by metacestode can cause severe and even fatal disease (hydatidosis). The outcome of infection in livestock and humans is cyst development in the liver, lungs, or other organ systems. In present study Hydatid cyst was detected in the thigh muscle of a goat. Hydatid cyst at different sites has been reported in goats in India (Sangaran and Lalitha, J. 2009) and abroad (Khosrow et. al., 2011; Mohmoud and Garhy, 2002). Hydatid disease of muscle is very rare (Kacheriwala et. al., 2004 ). The lungs and liver appear to be the sites of predilection as infestation by hydatid disease most commonly occurs in the liver (55-70%) followed by the lung (18-35 %), (Guntz et. al., 1990), (Kir and Baran, 1995) brain, heart, kidney, ureter, spleen, uterus, fallopian tube, mesentery, pancreas, diaphragm and muscles (5%) (Eshy, 1998; Singh and Dhar, 1998; Sangaram and Lalitha, 2009).
Hydatid cyst was reported at unusual sites of Neck (Knoch et al, 1999), cervicofacial region (Laraqui 1995) and thigh region (Arora et. al., 2006). Ultrasound examination was preferred to the diagnostic use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy during present study to detect hydatid cyst in muscle. Pre-operative diagnosis can be made on ultrasound, CT or MRI by the characteristic appearance of a unilocular cyst (Arora et. al., 2006). Ultrasound examination can determine the size of the cyst and its relation to surrounding organs (King, 1973). The diagnostic use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy has been reported to precipitate acute anaphylaxis or spread daughter cysts (Knoch et al, 1999).
In light of previous reports and present finding it may be inferred that hydatid disease can affect any organ in the body and a high suspicion of this disease is justified in any cystic neoplasm of any organ with a pre-operative diagnosis being possible radiologically.

REFERENCES

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  4. Guntz M, Coppo B, Lorimier G, Cronier 1990 ;Hydatid cyst of the liver appearing late (10-22 years) after surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatidosis. Physiopathologic problems J Chir Paris;127:375-81

  5. Kacheriwala S.M, Mehta K.D, Pillai B, Jain Y, A 2004; Rare presentation of primary hydatid cyst. Indian Journal of surgery 66: 1: 47-49.

  6. Khosrow Hazrati Tappe , Seyyed Javad Mousavi and Afshin Barazesh, 2011; Prevalence and fertility of hydatid cyst in slaughtered livestock of Urmia city, Northwest Iran. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology . 3:2: pp. 29-32

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  8. Knoch H, Helbig M, Schreen J, Tasman AJ 1999; Cystic space -occupying lesion of the neck soft tissues: Cave echinococcosis. ; 47:3:188-91.

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  10. Mohmoud.L.H, Garhy.M.F.2002; A Histochemical study of hydatid cyst and Electron microscopy of the sand of Echinococcus granulosus in goat; J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol.32 :2: 647-56

  11. Sangaran and Lalitha, J. (2009) ;Prevalence of hydatidosis in sheep and goats in and around Chennai . Tamilnadu J. Veterinary & Animal Sciences., 5:5:208-210

  12. Singh BP, Dhar DN. 1988; Echinococcus granulosus in animals in Northern India. Vet. Parasitol. 28 :3: 261-266.

  13. Soulsby, E. J. L. (1982). Helminth, Arthropod and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th edn., Bailliere Tindall, London.

  14. V Arora, IS Nijjar, KS Gill, G Singh, 2006; Case Report : Primary Hydatid Cyst of Muscle - A Rare Site Ind J Radiol Imag 16:2:239-241

FIGURES

Figure-1: Ultrasonograph showing cystic cavity

Hydatid Cyst of Muscle in Goat - A Rare Site

 

Figure-2: Cyst dissected out

Hydatid Cyst of Muscle in Goat - A Rare Site

 

 


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